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Games

Rules of games

Rules and informations about games.

1 - Amazons

The Game of the Amazons is a two-player abstract strategy game invented in 1988 by Walter Zamkauskas of Argentina.

Rules

White moves first, and the players alternate moves thereafter. Each move consists of two parts. First, one moves one of one’s own amazons one or more empty squares in a straight line (orthogonally or diagonally), exactly as a queen moves in chess; it may not cross or enter a square occupied by an amazon of either color or an arrow. Second, after moving, the amazon shoots an arrow from its landing square to another square, using another queenlike move. This arrow may travel in any orthogonal or diagonal direction (even backwards along the same path the amazon just traveled, into or across the starting square if desired). An arrow, like an amazon, cannot cross or enter a square where another arrow has landed or an amazon of either color stands. The square where the arrow lands is marked to show that it can no longer be used. The last player to be able to make a move wins. Draws are impossible.

Variants

Two variants are played on LittleGolem. The standard game and Cross Variant, where the starting position is different.

2 - Breakthrough

Breakthrough is an abstract strategy board game invented by Dan Troyka in 2000.

Rules

Breakthrough was originally played on a 7×7 board with 14 pieces per player; however, since it won the 2001 8×8 Game Design Competition sponsored by the Abstract Games Magazine and the Strategy Gaming Society, the 8×8 version with 16 pieces per player is considered standard. Advanced players might enjoy the more complex 10×10 version with 30 pieces per player. The standard game starts with the first two rows in front of each player filled with his pieces (see the figure). Players alternate moving one of their own pieces per turn, trying to reach the opposite side of the board. The first player to do so will be declared the winner.

A piece can move forward or diagonally forward to an adjacent empty cell. Alternatively, it can capture an enemy piece diagonally forward (as chess pawns do). Captures are neither compulsory nor can be chained. In the figure, piece 1 can move freely, whereas piece 2 has two of their three possible moves blocked by friendly pieces. Piece 3 can move directly forward or capture any of the enemy pieces, whereas piece 4 can capture or move diagonally but is unable to move forward. Note that White’s pieces move and capture in the opposite direction.

3 - Catchup

Invented by Nick Bentley in 2010

Catchup is a simple abstract game with a devilish dynamic. The goal is to have the largest group of stones on the board when the board is full of stones, but as you get closer to winning, your opponent gets more powerful. Whereas most stone-placement games are about position, Catchup is about timing, position, and the interplay between them.

Definitions:

  1. Group – a set of connected, like-colored stones on the board. A single stone is also considered a group.

  2. Score - your score is the number of stones contained in your largest group. At the beginning of the game, both players' scores are set to 1

Rules:

  1. One player owns the white stones and the other owns the black. White begins by placing 1 stone on any empty space.

  2. From then on, starting with black, players take turns. On your turn, you may place 1 or 2 stones, or up to 3 if your opponent’s score increased on their last turn and is, at the beginning of your turn, greater than or equal to your score.

  3. After taking your turn, if your score has changed, move your pawn to the corresponding spot on the scoring track.

  4. The game ends when the board is full. The player with the largest group wins. If the players’ largest groups are the same size, compare their second-largest groups, and so on, until you come to a pair which aren’t the same size. Whoever owns the larger of the two wins.

Variants

Three variants with different board are played on Little Golem.

Standard game on size 5

Game on random board

Game on on size 7

4 - Chess

Classic board game chess

Chess is classic board game. Probably the most popular board game in the world, at least in Europe and in America.

chess Raffaello Sorbi - La partita a scacchi/Chess game

Rules

The rules of chess are on a lot of places:

Variant - Chess960

Chess960 is also known as Fisher random chess or Chess9LX. Chess960 employs the same board and pieces as classical chess, but the starting position of the pieces on the players' home ranks is randomized, following certain rules. The random setup makes gaining an advantage through the memorization of openings impracticable; players instead must rely more on their talent and creativity over the board.

wikipedia

More on wikipedia

5 - Conhex

Game invented by Michail Antonow in 2006

Conhex is a 2-player abstract game in which the winner is the first player to connect his or her assigned sides of a square board (thus the goal is similar to the goal in Twixt.) The board is a pattern of non-regular hexagons with a few non-hexagonal polygons. Players alternate turns placing pieces of their own color on a vertex, and a player can claim a space after placing pieces on at least half the vertices of that space.

6 - Connect6

Connect6 introduced in 2003 by Professor I-Chen Wu

Rules

The rules of Connect6 are very simple and similar to the traditional game of Gomoku:

  • Players and stones: There are two players. Black plays first, and White second. Each player plays with an appropriate color of stones, as in Go and Gomoku.
  • Game board: Connect6 is played on a square board made up of orthogonal lines, with each intersection capable of holding one stone. In theory, the game board can be any finite size from 1×1 up (integers only), or it could be of infinite size. However, boards that are too small may lack strategy (boards smaller than 6×6 are automatic draws), and extremely large or infinite boards are of little practical use. 19×19 Go boards might be the most convenient. For a longer and more challenging game, another suggested size is 59×59, or nine Go boards tiled in a larger square (using the join lines between the boards as additional grid lines).
  • Game moves: Black plays first, putting one black stone on one intersection. Subsequently, White and Black take turns, placing two stones on two different unoccupied spaces each turn.
  • Winner: The player who is the first to get six or more stones in a row (horizontally, vertically, or diagonally) wins. (This is a departure from Gomoku, where it must be exactly five in a row.)

According to Professor Wu, the handicap of black’s only being able to play one stone on the first turn means that the game is comparatively fair; unlike similar games such as Gomoku and Connect Four, which have been proven to give the first player a large advantage, possibly no additional compensation is necessary to make the game fair.

7 - Dots and boxes

Invented in 1889 by the French mathematician François Edouard Anatole Lucas

Rules

Each player must alternately draw dashes joining adjacent vertical or horizontal dots. If you are able to complete a square, you mark it as your own and you must draw another dash. At the end of the game, players achieve long runs of squares. When all squares are claimed, the game ends, and the winner is the player with the most squares.

Variants

On Little Golem is game played on boards: 4x4, 5x5, 6x6 and 7x7.

8 - Draughts

Classic board game

Gustave Courbet The Draughts Players 1844

Variants

On Little Golem is played several variants.

English Draughts

English draughts (British English) or checkers (American English; see spelling differences), also called American checkers or straight checkers, is a form of the strategy board game draughts. It is played on an 8×8 chequered board with 12 pieces per side. The pieces move and capture diagonally forward, until they reach the opposite end of the board, when they are crowned and can thereafter move and capture both backward and forward.

As in all forms of draughts, English draughts is played by two opponents, alternating turns on opposite sides of the board. The pieces are traditionally black, red, or white. Enemy pieces are captured by jumping over them.

International draughts

International draughts (also called Polish draughts or international checkers) is a strategy board game for two players, one of the variants of draughts. The gameboard comprises 10×10 squares in alternating dark and light colours, of which only the 50 dark squares are used. Each player has 20 pieces, light for one player and dark for the other, at opposite sides of the board. In conventional diagrams, the board is displayed with the light pieces at the bottom; in this orientation, the lower-left corner square must be dark.

Dameo

Dameo is an abstract strategy board game for two players invented by Christian Freeling in 2000. It is a variant of the game draughts (or checkers) and is played on an 8×8 checkered gameboard.

Dameo is played on an 8×8 checkerboard with 18 pieces per player. Each player’s pieces are arranged so that the bottom three rows, from the perspective of the player, are filled from a1 to h1, b2 to g2, and c3 to f3, forming a distinctive trapezoid shape.

dameo

  • The player with the lighter pieces moves first. Then turns alternate.
  • The pieces, called men, can only move forward, either straight ahead or diagonally.
  • In addition, men can jump over one or more other subsequent men of the same color in a straight line forward or diagonally, provided that the square ahead of the line is free.
  • When a man reaches the last row of the opposite side of the board, it is crowned, or promoted, to a king. The king can move in 8 directions to any available number of cells, like a queen in chess. King promotion is powerful and greatly benefits the player who accomplishes it.[4][5]
  • Capturing involves jumping over enemy pieces and removing them from the board. All captures in Dameo are orthogonal only. A man may capture forwards, backwards and sideways by a short leap to an unoccupied space one square directly beyond the captured piece. If a jump is possible it must be done, even if doing so incurs a disadvantage.
  • A king may capture by a long leap to any unoccupied square opposite the captured piece, so long as there is no other piece obstructing the path of the king.
  • Multiple successive captures in a single turn must be made if, after each jump, there is an unoccupied square immediately beyond the enemy piece. One must play with the piece that can make the maximum number of captures.
  • A jumped piece is removed from the board at the end of the turn. For a multi-jump move, captured pieces are not removed during the move; they are removed only after the entire multi-jump move is complete.
  • The same piece may not be jumped more than once. A player with no valid move remaining loses. This occurs if the player has no pieces left, or if all the player’s pieces are obstructed from moving by opponent pieces.
  • A game is a draw if neither player can win the game.
  • A game is considered a draw when the same position repeats three times by the same player (not necessarily consecutively).[6]
  • Dameo has very few draws. Dameo’s draw margin at high level play is estimated to be around 21%

9 - Dvonn

Invented by Kris Burm in 2001

DVONN is a two-player strategy board game in which the objective is to accumulate pieces in stacks. It was released in 2001 by Kris Burm as the fourth game of the GIPF Project. DVONN won the 2002 International Gamers Award and the Games magazine Game of the Year Award in 2003.

Rules

Rules on gipf.com

10 - EinStein würfelt nicht!

Game invented by Ingo Althöfer in 2005

The name of the game in German has a double meaning. It is a play on Einstein’s famous quote “I am convinced that He (God) does not play dice” and also refers to the fact that when a player has only one cube (ein Stein) remaining, they no longer need to “play dice”, and may simply move the cube.

Rules

The game is played on a square board with a 5×5 grid. Each player has six cubes, numbered one to six. During setup, players arranges the cubes within the triangular area of their own color.

The players take turns rolling a six-sided die and then moving the matching cube. If the matching cube is no longer on the board, the player moves a remaining cube whose number is next-higher or next-lower to the rolled number. The player starting in the top-left may move that cube one square to the right, down, or on the diagonal down and to the right; the player starting in the bottom-right may move that cube one square to the left, up, or on the diagonal up and to the left. Any cube which already lies in the target square is removed from the board.

The objective of the game is for a player to either get one of their cubes to the far corner square in the grid (where their opponent started) or to remove all of their opponent’s cubes from the board.

Variants

On Little Golem are played 7 variants according to lenght of match: 1,3,5,7,11,19,50 points match.

Blackhole variant has black hole in middle of board, where stone is lost. Game is played as 3 points match.

Backwards capture variant allow backward capture move. Game is played as 3 points match.

11 - Four in a row

Invented in 1974

Four in a row is two-player connection board game, in which the players choose a color and then take turns dropping colored discs into a seven-column, six-row vertically suspended grid. The pieces fall straight down, occupying the lowest available space within the column. The objective of the game is to be the first to form a horizontal, vertical, or diagonal line of four of one’s own discs.

Variants

Game on Little Golem is played on four board sizes: 6x7 (classic), 8x8, 9x9, 10x10

12 - Gomoku

Classic game from ancient China

Gomoku, also called Five in a Row, is an abstract strategy board game. It is traditionally played with Go pieces (black and white stones) on a Go board. Because pieces are typically not moved or removed from the board, gomoku may also be played as a paper-and-pencil game. The game is known in several countries under different names.

Rules

Players alternate turns placing a stone of their color on an empty intersection. Black plays first. The winner is the first player to form an unbroken chain of five stones horizontally, vertically, or diagonally.

Variants

Gomoku

  • The player who places 6 or more checkers on the line wins.
  • The first move of the black player is always in the center of the board.
  • The second black move is played outside the marked region.

Gomoku Pro

  • The game is played on a 15x15 board.
  • The first player places 1,2,3,4 or 5 pieces on the board.
  • The second player switches sides or continues the game.
  • There is no draw. The first player, who has no theoretical chance to win, has lost the game.

Gomoku Pro 9x9

Version of gomoku pro played on 9x9. In the picture black is the winner.

Wikipedia

13 - Go

Game invented in China 2500 years ago

Rules

The playing pieces are called stones. One player uses the white stones and the other, black. The players take turns placing the stones on the vacant intersections (points) of a board. Once placed on the board, stones may not be moved, but stones are removed from the board if the stone (or group of stones) is surrounded by opposing stones on all orthogonally-adjacent points, in which case the stone is captured.[4] The game proceeds until neither player wishes to make another move. When a game concludes, the winner is determined by counting each player’s surrounded territory along with captured stones and komi (points added to the score of the player with the white stones as compensation for playing second).[5] Games may also be terminated by resignation.

Go has simple rules but is extremely complex.

Rules of Go on Wikipedia.

Variants on Little Golem

Sizes 9x9, 13x13, 19x19, 37x37

There are four different board sizes.

Hahn Pointing System

The Hahn Pointing System is a new method to determine the tournament winner using points earned as a result of each game in place of the players win/loss record. Professor Sang-Dae Hahn of Myongji University developed the system to foster aggressive, fighting games with an emphasis on reading.

The Hahn system is based upon the scoring used in bangneki. Points are awarded to the winner and the loser of the game based upon the result. A single game is worth 100 points. The 100 points are divided between the winner and the loser based upon the difference in count at the end of the game.

A difference of 0.5 to 10 in the count results in the winner receiving 60 points and the loser receiving 40 points.

A difference of 10.5 to 20 in the count results in the winner receiving 70 points and the loser receiving 30 points.

A difference of 20.5 to 30 in the count results in the winner receiving 80 points and the loser receiving 20 points.

A difference of 30.5 to 40 in the count results in the winner receiving 90 points and the loser receiving 10 points.

A difference of more than 40 points results in the winner receiving all 100 points and the loser receiving no points.

The tournament winner in a Hahn pointing system scored tournament is the player with the most points, regardless of the player’s win/loss record in the tournament. Therefore, a player with 580 points and a win/loss record of 5-2 beats a player with 570 points and a perfect win/losss record of 7-0.

Random board

Players play from a position, where there are already 100 stones on the board. The positions have been checked for equality by the computer.

random

Toroidal go

Game go 11x11 is played on toroid.

toroid

go

14 - Golem word game

The game was created especially for Little Golem.

Rules

Golem’s word game is word game for two players. Target of game is finding words on board. Each player takes out tiles from board and these tiles are replaced by other tiles from bag. Order of tiles in bag is known. Players score according to the rules. Player with higher score at the end of game is winner. Game has three parts:

1. Auction, bidding

Player, who wants to have first move in game, must offer points for second player. Who offers more points, will start game. This happens, because first player can have decisive advantage.

2. Middle game

Player must create proper English word or choose only one tile. Players get points for chosen tiles. These tiles are replaced from board and another tiles from bug are put on the board. Two tiles are marked as ‘’. They are ‘wild’ tiles. You can use this tile as any group of letters (at least one). For example you can create word TI, because it is word TAXI.

Scoring. The sum of values of used tiles makes the score for word. When word is created at least from three tiles and when is used red tile, value is tripled, when is used blue tile, value is doubled. For example word WAIT has score 18 points. When word is created from 7 or more tiles, value is doubled. For example word OUTWAIT has score 54 points.

3. Ending

At the end of game, the bag is empty and board is not full of tiles.

Now is possible to connect tiles across empty fields. For example word TATTOO - 54 points is correct.

15 - Havannah

16 - Hex

Hex invented in 1942

Hex was invented in 1942 by Danish inventor Piet Hein, and independently by the American mathematician John Nash in 1948.

You can play the game with paper and pencil on hexagonal paper.

hex game

Rules

Each player is assigned a pair of opposite sides of the board which they must try to connect by taking turns placing a stone of their color on any empty space. Once placed, the stones cannot be moved or removed. A player wins when he successfully connects his sides by a chain of adjacent stones. Due to the topology of the game board, draws in Hex are impossible.

In the picture, black has connected his two sides and is the winner of the game.

hex game

Swap move

After the first move, the second player can play a swap move and switch sides.

Variants

On Little Golem is Hex played on four board sizes: 11, 13, 15 and 19.

17 - Line of Action

18 - Lyngk

19 - Morreli

20 - Oski

Invented by Richard and Oskar Malaschitz in 2010

Rules

The game is very simple and can also be played as a paper and pencil game.

Board

Hexagonal board with 37 squares. The middle three squares can be of a different color.

Initial move

The player plays a three letter word into the marked square. Or the game is started with a random three letter word. This initial move is without points.

board

Next moves

The next player is in the game. For each move, the player puts a letter on the board and finds a word with that new letter. The length of the word is the score for that move. Example: move BYRE. The player scores four points. He now has 6.5 points. 4 points for words and 2.5 Komi.

board

Next rules

  • It is not possible to use already used words or words whose parts are already used. For example, if in the game the words BYE and BYRE were used, it is not possible to use the words ABYE, BYRES, FORBYE, GOODBYE, UPBYE, …
  • The initial move does not count for points.
  • The game ends when the board is full.
  • The first player has 2.5 points komi.

Whole game example

board

Initial move: NEB

First player Score Second player Score
BEEN 6.5 BEER 4.0
GREEN 11.5 AGREE 9.0
ANGRY 16.5 BEANERY 16.0
DEANERY 23.5 GREEDY 22.0
RENEW 28.5 TWEEDY 28.0
BETWEEN 35.5 TWEEDS 34.0
SWANG 40.5 NEWEST 40.0
GAMEST 46.5 WESTERS 47.0

Variants

Game is played in 7 languages

21 - Polyomino

Game inspired with game Blokus Duo 2005

Polyomino is a simple board game with polyominoes. The game can be played as a paper-and-pencil game.

Rules

  • Each player has a set of polyomino tiles, except in the hexa variant.
  • The first player places a blue polyomino tile and an orange polyomino tile.
  • The second player continues as the blue player or switches sides and the first player continue as the blue player.
  • The next tile must be placed so that it touches at least one tile of the same color with its corners. The edges of tiles of the same color must not touch.
  • If a player cannot place a tile, he passes.
  • When there is no move, game is finished. Player with the most tiles wins the game.

Variants

Mini. Game on the board 8x8. Each player has 1 monomino, 1 domino, 2 trominos and 5 tetrominos.

Small. Game on the board 12x12. Each player has two sets from mini variant.

Penta. Game on the board 14x14. Each player has 1 monomino, 1 domino, 2 trominos, 5 tetrominos and 12 pentominoes.

Hexa. Game on the board 20x20. The game is played only with one common set of pieces: 1 monomino, 1 domino, 2 trominos, 5 tetrominos, 12 pentominos and 35 hexominos.

22 - QYPS

Game invented by Richard Malaschitz in 2016

Rules

The game is played on a triangular board. The game is played with special stones. The stones have two sides (white and black). Each stone has two different colors. The game can be played on any board size:

  • Number of colors is size+1
  • All color combinations are in game
  • The number of stones is equal to the number of fields on the board
  • The size of rack for player’s stones depends on size of board (3 for size 5, 5 for size 8)
  • Each player has his own stones on rack. When it is a player’s turn, he can put several stones on the board. All stones must be connected to each other and have the same color. After the turn, the player chooses stones from a bag.

It is also possible to use stones on the board. I can flip one of the opponent’s stones to my color (if all connected stones are in a row, all opponent’s stones are flipped).

The player who has connected all sides of the board at the end of the game is the winner.

23 - Reversi

Invented in 1883.

Wikipedia

24 - Shogi

Wikipedia

25 - Slither

Board Game Geek

26 - Street soccer

Board Game Geek

27 - Twixt

Board Game Geek

28 - Tzaar

Tzaar

29 - WYPS

WYPS invented by Richard and Alena Malaschitz in 2002. Final version of rules is from 2017.

Short story

The first version of the game was invented in 2002. The game was played with different rules on the Little Golem server. More than 20 variants and more than 800 players were played until the final rules were released.

Rules

WYPS is an abstract word game for two players.

Components

The game is played on triangular board with hexagonal squares. The rules are the same for all sizes of the board.

White’s first move is HIP

board

There are stones with letters. The stones have two different sides, each side representing one player. On each stone there is exactly one letter. The number of stones corresponds to the number of squares on the board (36 for size 8). At the beginning of the game, all the stones are in a bag.

Swap move

Each player draws five stones (five for size 8) from the bag. The black player can swap the stones between the players. All letters must always be swapped.

Gameplay

The players form words from their letters and from the letters on the board. If a player uses the opponent’s letters on the board, he turns one letter from these tiles to his own side. Instead of forming a word, it is possible to place only one letter from the rack on the board. At least one letter from the tray must be used in the turn. After the turn, up to seven letters are drawn from the tray (depending on the size of the board) if the bag is not empty. The first move is made by the white player. If the player forms the word in a straight line, she turns all used opponent’s letters to her own side.

board

Play continues with the next player.

Black player play move CHINA and turns over a stone.

board

White play move ARCH in a straight line and turns over all used oponent’s stones.

board

board

Goal of a game

The object of the game is to form a group of stones connected to all three sides of the board.

White plays DOES and connects all three sides of the board. This move is called atari (attack). Black’s move must break this connection.

board

Black’s move SEARCH interrupts White’s atari. And this black move is also an atari.

board

White plays the move CHILD. White used two letters from rack and two opponent’s stones. She can flip C or H to the white side. She decides to flip the letter H.

board

board

board

board

board

board

End of game

Play continues as long as a player’s group is not connected to all three sides of the board, and the opponent on his turn is unable to break it off. Note that the corners are considered to belong to the two adjacent sides.

White’s move FLED. After this move, black is not able to find the next move. Black gives up the game and White is the winner.

board

Variants on Little Golem

WYPS is played on Little Golem in multiple languages on sizes: 5,8,11 and 14.

There is also a numeric version where the letters are replaced by numbers. You must play even numbers or sequences of numbers.

Board sizes and letter distribution

WYPS can be played on any board sizes and in any language.

English

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 ACDEEILMNO PRSTU
6 4 21 AABCDEEGHI LMNOPRSSTU Y
7 4 28 AABCDEEEFG HIIKLMNOOP RRSSTUWY
8 5 36 AAABCDDEEE EFGHIIIKLL MNNOOPRRSS STTUWY
9 6 45 AAAABCCDDE EEEEFGHIII KLLMNNNOOO PRRRSSSSTT UUVWY
10 6 55 AAAAABCCDD EEEEEEFGGH IIIIKLLLMM NNNOOOPPRR RRSSSSSTTT UUVWY
11 7 66 AAAAABBCCD DDEEEEEEEF GGHHIIIIIK LLLMMNNNNO OOOPPRRRRS SSSSSTTTTU UUVWYZ
12 8 78 AAAAAAABBC CCDDDEEEEE EEEEFGGHHI IIIIIKKLLL LMMNNNNOOO OOPPRRRRRS SSSSSSTTTT UUUVWYYZ
13 9 91 AAAAAAABBC CCDDDDEEEE EEEEEEFFGG GHHIIIIIIK KLLLLLMMMN NNNNOOOOOO PPPRRRRRRS SSSSSSSTTT TTUUUUVWYY Z
14 9 105 AAAAAAAABB BCCCCDDDDE EEEEEEEEEE EFFGGGHHHI IIIIIIIKKL LLLLLMMMNN NNNNOOOOOO PPPRRRRRRR SSSSSSSSSS TTTTTTUUUU VWYYZ

German

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 AEEGHIKLMN ORSTU
6 4 21 ABDEEEFGHI KLMNOPRSTT U
7 4 28 AABCDEEEEF GHIKLMNNOP RRSSTTUZ
8 5 36 AABCDEEEEE FGHIIKLLMN NNOPRRRSSS TTTUZÄ
9 6 45 AAABCDEEEE EEEFGGHHII KLLMNNNOOP RRRSSSTTTT UUWZÄ
10 6 55 AAABBCDEEE EEEEFGGHHI IIKKLLLMMN NNNOOPRRRR SSSSTTTTUU WZÄÖÜ
11 7 66 AAAABBCDDE EEEEEEEEFF GGHHIIIKKL LLMMNNNNNO OPPRRRRRSS SSSTTTTTUU VWZÄÖÜ
12 8 78 AAAAABBCCD DEEEEEEEEE EEFFGGGHHH IIIIKKLLLL MMNNNNNOOO PPRRRRRSSS SSSTTTTTTU UUVWZÄÖÜ
13 9 91 AAAAAABBBC CDDEEEEEEE EEEEEEEFFG GGHHHIIIIK KKLLLLLMMM NNNNNNOOOP PRRRRRRSSS SSSSTTTTTT TUUUUVWZÄÖ Ü
14 9 105 AAAAAAABBB CCDDDEEEEE EEEEEEEEEE EFFGGGGHHH HIIIIIKKKL LLLLMMMNNN NNNNNOOOPP RRRRRRRSSS SSSSSTTTTT TTTTUUUUVW ZZÄÖÜ

Spain

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 AACDEEILMN ORSTU
6 4 21 AAABCDEEGI LMNOOPRRST U
7 4 28 AAAAABCDEE EGIILMNOOO PRRSSTUV
8 5 36 AAAAAABCCD EEEEGIILLM NNOOOPRRRS SSTTUV
9 6 45 AAAAAAABCC DDEEEEEFGH IIIJLLMNNO OOOPRRRSSS TTUUV
10 6 55 AAAAAAAAAB CCDDEEEEEE FGHIIIIJLL LMMNNNOOOO PRRRRSSSST TUUVZ
11 7 66 AAAAAAAAAA ABBCCCDDDE EEEEEEFGHI IIIJLLLMMN NNOOOOOPPR RRRRSSSSST TTUUVZ
12 8 78 AAAAAAAAAA AAABBCCCDD DEEEEEEEEE FGGHIIIIIJ LLLLMMNNNN OOOOOOPPRR RRRRSSSSSS TTTUUUVZ
13 9 91 AAAAAAAAAA AAAAABBCCC CDDDDEEEEE EEEEEFGGHI IIIIIJLLLL MMMNNNNNOO OOOOOPPRRR RRRRSSSSSS STTTTUUUVZ Ñ
14 9 105 AAAAAAAAAA AAAAAAAABB CCCCDDDDEE EEEEEEEEEE FGGHIIIIII IJLLLLLMMM NNNNNNOOOO OOOOPPPRRR RRRRRRSSSS SSSSSTTTTU UUVZÑ

French

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 AACEEILMNO PRSTU
6 4 21 AABCDEEEGI ILMNOPRSST U
7 4 28 AAABCDEEEF GHIILMNOOP RRSSTTUV
8 5 36 AAAABCDEEE EEFGHIIILM NNOOPRRSSS TTUUVZ
9 6 45 AAAAABCCDE EEEEEFGHII IILLMNNOOO PRRRSSSSTT TUUVZ
10 6 55 AAAAAABCCD EEEEEEEEFG HIIIILLLMM NNNOOOPPRR RRSSSSSTTT UUUVZ
11 7 66 AAAAAAABBC CDDEEEEEEE EEFGGHIIII ILLLMMNNNO OOOPPRRRRR SSSSSSTTTT UUUVYZ
12 8 78 AAAAAAAAAB BCCCDDEEEE EEEEEEEFGG HIIIIIILLL LMMNNNNOOO OPPRRRRRRS SSSSSTTTTT UUUUVXYZ
13 9 91 AAAAAAAAAA BBCCCDDEEE EEEEEEEEEE FFGGHIIIII IILLLLMMNN NNNOOOOOPP PQRRRRRRRS SSSSSSSTTT TTTUUUUVXY Z
14 9 105 AAAAAAAAAA ABBCCCCDDD EEEEEEEEEE EEEEEFFGGH IIIIIIIILL LLLMMMNNNN NNOOOOOOPP PQRRRRRRRR SSSSSSSSST TTTTTTUUUU UVXYZ

Italian

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 AACEIILMNO PRSTU
6 4 21 AABCDEEGII LMNOOPRSTU V
7 4 28 AAABCDEEEF GIIILMNOOO PRRSTTUV
8 5 36 AAAABCCDEE EFGIIIILLM NNOOOPRRRS STTUVZ
9 6 45 AAAAAABCCD EEEEFGIIII IILLMNNNOO OOPRRRSSST TTUVZ
10 6 55 AAAAAAABCC CDDEEEEEFG IIIIIIILLM MNNNOOOOOP PRRRRSSSTT TUUVZ
11 7 66 AAAAAAAABC CCDDEEEEEE FGGIIIIIII ILLLMMNNNN OOOOOOPPRR RRRSSSSTTT TUUVVZ
12 8 78 AAAAAAAAAA BBCCCCDDEE EEEEEFGGHI IIIIIIIIIL LLMMNNNNOO OOOOOPPRRR RRRSSSSTTT TTUUUVVZ
13 9 91 AAAAAAAAAA ABBCCCCDDE EEEEEEEEFF GGHIIIIIII IIIILLLLMM MNNNNNOOOO OOOOPPPRRR RRRRSSSSST TTTTTUUUVV Z
14 9 105 AAAAAAAAAA AAABBCCCCC DDDEEEEEEE EEEFFGGGHI IIIIIIIIII IILLLLMMMN NNNNNOOOOO OOOOPPPRRR RRRRRSSSSS STTTTTTTUU UVVVZ

Japanese

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 いうかきくこさしたつ とはよりん
6 4 21 いうかきくけこさしせ たちつとはふやよりん ん
7 4 28 いいううおかきくけこ さししせたちつとはひ ふまやゆよりんん
8 5 36 いいううおかかきくけ こさししすせそたちつ てとなはひふほまみや ゆよりんんん
9 6 45 あいいいうううえおか かききくくけこさしし しすせそたちつてとな はひふほまみもやゆよ らりんんん
10 6 55 あいいいううううえお かかかききくくけこさ しししすせそたちつつ てとなにのはひふほま みめもやゆよよらりろ わんんんん
11 7 66 あいいいいううううう えおかかかきききくく くけここさししししす せせそたたちつつてと となにのはひふへほま みめもやゆよよらりろ わんんんんん
12 8 78 あいいいいいうううう ううえおかかかかきき きくくくけここささし ししししすせせそたた ちちつつつてととなに のははひふへほまみめ もやゆよよよらりりれ ろわんんんんんん
13 9 91 あいいいいいいううう ううううえおかかかか ききききくくくけけこ ここささしししししし すせせそたたちちつつ つてととなにねのはは ひふふへほまみむめも ややゆゆよよよらりり るれろわんんんんんん ん
14 9 105 あいいいいいいいうう うううううううえおか かかかかききききくく くくけけこここささし ししししししすせせそ たたたちちつつつつて てととなにねのははひ ひふふへほほまみむめ もややゆゆよよよよら りりるれろわんんんん んんんんん

Dutch

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 ADEEGIKLNO PRSTU
6 4 21 AABDEEEFGI KLMNOPRSTT U
7 4 28 AABDEEEEFG IIJKLMNNOO PRRSTTUW
8 5 36 AAABCDEEEE EFGHIIJKLL MNNOOPRRSS TTUVWZ
9 6 45 AAABCDDEEE EEEFGGHIII JKKLLMNNNO OOPRRRSSTT TUVWZ
10 6 55 AAAABCDDEE EEEEEEFGGH IIIJKKLLLM MNNNNOOOPP RRRSSSTTTT UUVWZ
11 7 66 AAAAABBCDD DEEEEEEEEE EFGGHIIIIJ KKKLLLMMNN NNOOOOPPRR RRSSSSTTTT TUUVWZ
12 8 78 AAAAAABBCD DDEEEEEEEE EEEEFFGGGH IIIIIJKKKL LLLMMNNNNN OOOOOPPPRR RRRSSSSTTT TTTUUVWZ
13 9 91 AAAAAAABBC DDDDEEEEEE EEEEEEEEFF GGGHIIIIIJ KKKLLLLLMM MNNNNNNOOO OOOPPPRRRR RRSSSSSTTT TTTTUUUVVW Z
14 9 105 AAAAAAAABB CDDDDEEEEE EEEEEEEEEE EFFGGGGHHI IIIIIJJKKK KLLLLLMMMN NNNNNNOOOO OOOPPPRRRR RRRSSSSSST TTTTTTTUUU VVWWZ

Polish

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 AEIKLMNORS TUWYZ
6 4 21 AABCDEIKLM NOPRSTUWYZ Ł
7 4 28 AABCDEEGII JKLMNOOPRS TUWYZĄĘŁ
8 5 36 AAABCDEEGH IIJKKLMMNN OOOPRRSTUW YZĄĘŁŻ
9 6 45 AAAABCCDEE EGHIIIJKKL MMNNOOOPRR SSTUUWWYYZ ZĄĘŁŻ
10 6 55 AAAAABCCDE EEFGHIIIIJ KKKLLMMNNO OOOPPRRRSS TTUUWWYYZZ ÓĄĘŁŻ
11 7 66 AAAAAABCCD DEEEEFGHII IIJKKKLLMM MNNNOOOOOP PRRRSSSTTU UUWWYYYZZÓ ĄĘŁŁŚŻ
12 8 78 AAAAAAABBC CCDDEEEEFG HIIIIIJJKK KLLLMMMNNN OOOOOOPPRR RRSSSTTUUU WWWYYYZZZÓ ĄĄĆĘŁŁŚŻ
13 9 91 AAAAAAAAAB BCCCDDEEEE EFGGHIIIII IJJKKKKLLL MMMMNNNNOO OOOOOPPPRR RRSSSTTTUU UUWWWYYYYZ ZZÓĄĄĆĘŁŁŚ Ż
14 9 105 AAAAAAAAAA BBCCCCDDDE EEEEEFGGHI IIIIIIJJKK KKKLLLMMMM NNNNNOOOOO OOOPPPRRRR RSSSSTTTUU UUWWWWYYYY ZZZZÓĄĄĆĘŁ ŁŁŃŚŻ

Russian

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 АВЕИКЛМНОП РСТУЯ
6 4 21 ААБВДЕИКЛМ НООПРСТУЫЮ Я
7 4 28 ААБВГДЕЕЗИ ИКЛМНООПРС ТУХЧШЫЮЯ
8 5 36 АААБВГДЕЕЗ ИИЙКЛЛМННО ООПРРСТТУХ ЧШЫЬЮЯ
9 6 45 ААААБВВГДЕ ЕЕЖЗИИИЙКК ЛЛММННОООП РРССТТУУХЧ ШЫЬЮЯ
10 6 55 АААААБВВГД ЕЕЕЕЖЗИИИЙ ККЛЛЛММННН ООООППРРРС СТТТУУХЧШЩ ЫЬЮЯЁ
11 7 66 АААААБВВГД ДЕЕЕЕЕЖЗИИ ИИЙКККЛЛЛМ ММНННООООО ППРРРСССТТ ТУУУХЦЧШЩЫ ЫЬЮЯЯЁ
12 8 78 АААААААББВ ВВГДДЕЕЕЕЕ ЖЗЗИИИИИЙК ККЛЛЛЛМММН НННООООООП ПРРРРСССТТ ТТУУУУХЦЧШ ЩЫЫЬЮЯЯЁ
13 9 91 ААААААААББ ВВВГДДЕЕЕЕ ЕЕЖЗЗИИИИИ ИЙККККЛЛЛЛ ММММНННННО ООООООПППР РРРССССТТТ ТТУУУУФХХЦ ЧШЩЫЫЬЮЮЯЯ Ё
14 9 105 АААААААААБ БВВВВГГДДЕ ЕЕЕЕЕЕЖЗЗИ ИИИИИИЙЙКК ККЛЛЛЛЛМММ МННННННООО ООООООПППР РРРРССССТТ ТТТУУУУФХХ ЦЧЧШШЩЫЫЬЮ ЮЯЯЯЁ

Greek

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 ΑΑΕΗΙΚΛΜΝΟ ΡΣΤΥΩ
6 4 21 ΑΑΓΕΕΗΙΙΚΛ ΜΝΟΟΠΡΣΣΤΥ Ω
7 4 28 ΑΑΑΒΓΔΕΕΗΘ ΙΙΚΛΜΝΝΟΟΠ ΡΣΣΤΥΦΧΩ
8 5 36 ΑΑΑΑΒΓΔΕΕΕ ΗΘΙΙΙΚΛΜΝΝ ΟΟΟΠΡΡΣΣΣΤ ΤΥΥΦΧΩ
9 6 45 ΑΑΑΑΑΒΓΔΕΕ ΕΕΖΗΗΘΙΙΙΙ ΚΚΛΛΜΝΝΞΟΟ ΟΠΡΡΣΣΣΤΤΥ ΥΦΧΩΩ
10 6 55 ΑΑΑΑΑΑΒΓΔΕ ΕΕΕΕΖΗΗΘΙΙ ΙΙΚΚΛΛΜΜΝΝ ΝΞΟΟΟΟΠΠΡΡ ΡΣΣΣΣΤΤΤΥΥ ΥΦΧΩΩ
11 7 66 ΑΑΑΑΑΑΑΑΒΓ ΔΕΕΕΕΕΕΖΗΗ ΗΘΙΙΙΙΙΚΚΚ ΛΛΜΜΝΝΝΝΞΟ ΟΟΟΟΠΠΡΡΡΣ ΣΣΣΣΤΤΤΥΥΥ ΦΧΨΩΩΩ
12 8 78 ΑΑΑΑΑΑΑΑΑΒ ΓΓΔΔΕΕΕΕΕΕ ΕΖΗΗΗΘΙΙΙΙ ΙΙΚΚΚΛΛΛΜΜ ΜΝΝΝΝΞΟΟΟΟ ΟΟΠΠΡΡΡΡΣΣ ΣΣΣΣΤΤΤΤΥΥ ΥΥΦΧΨΩΩΩ
13 9 91 ΑΑΑΑΑΑΑΑΑΑ ΒΓΓΔΔΕΕΕΕΕ ΕΕΕΖΗΗΗΘΙΙ ΙΙΙΙΙΚΚΚΚΛ ΛΛΜΜΜΝΝΝΝΝ ΞΟΟΟΟΟΟΟΠΠ ΠΡΡΡΡΡΣΣΣΣ ΣΣΣΤΤΤΤΤΥΥ ΥΥΦΦΧΧΨΩΩΩ Ω
14 9 105 ΑΑΑΑΑΑΑΑΑΑ ΑΑΒΓΓΔΔΕΕΕ ΕΕΕΕΕΕΖΗΗΗ ΗΘΙΙΙΙΙΙΙΙ ΙΚΚΚΚΛΛΛΛΜ ΜΜΜΝΝΝΝΝΝΞ ΟΟΟΟΟΟΟΟΟΠ ΠΠΡΡΡΡΡΣΣΣ ΣΣΣΣΣΤΤΤΤΤ ΤΥΥΥΥΥΦΦΧΧ ΨΩΩΩΩ

Czech

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 ADEIKLMNOP RSTUV
6 4 21 ABDEHIKLMN OPRSTUVYZÁ Í
7 4 28 AABCDEEHIJ KLMNNOOPRS TUVYZÁÍŠ
8 5 36 AABCDEEEHI IJKLLMNNOO PRSTTUUVYZ ÁÍČĚŘŠ
9 6 45 AAABCDEEEH IIJKKLLMMN NNOOOPRRST TUUVVYZÁÉÍ ÝČĚŘŠ
10 6 55 AAAABCDDEE EEHIIJKKLL LMMNNNOOOO PPRRSSTTUU VVYZÁÁÉÍÍÝ ČĚŘŠŽ
11 7 66 AAAABCDDEE EEEHIIIJKK KLLLMMNNNN OOOOPPRRRS STTTUUUVVV YYZZÁÁÉÍÍÝ ČĚŘŠŮŽ
12 8 78 AAAAABCDDE EEEEFGHHII IJKKKLLLLM MMNNNNNOOO OOPPPRRRSS STTTTUUUUV VVYYZZÁÁÉÍ ÍÝČĚŘŠŮŽ
13 9 91 AAAAAABBCC DDDEEEEEEF GHHIIIIJJK KKLLLLLMMM NNNNNOOOOO OPPPRRRRSS STTTTUUUUV VVVYYZZÁÁÁ ÉÍÍÍÝČĚŘŠŮ Ž
14 9 105 AAAAAAABBC CDDDEEEEEE EEFGHHIIII IJJKKKKLLL LLMMMMNNNN NNNNOOOOOO OPPPRRRRSS SSTTTTTUUU UUVVVVYYZZ ÁÁÁÉÍÍÍÝČĚ ŘŠŠŮŽ

Slovak

Size Rack size Board size Letters
5 3 15 ADEIKLMNOP RSTUV
6 4 21 ABCDEHIKLM NOPRSTUVZÁ Í
7 4 28 AABCDEEHIK LMNOOPRSTU VYZÁÍÚČŠ
8 5 36 AAABCDEEHI IJKKLLMMNN OOPRRSTUVY ZÁÍÚČŠ
9 6 45 AAABCDEEEH IIIJKKLLMM NNOOOPRRST TUUVVYZÁÍÚ ÝČŠŤŽ
10 6 55 AAAABCDDEE EEHIIIJKKL LLMMNNNOOO OPPRRRSSTT UUVVYZÁÁÍÚ ÝČŠŤŽ
11 7 66 AAAAABCDDE EEEEFGHIII IJKKKLLLMM MNNNOOOOPP RRRSSTTTUU UVVVYZÁÁÉÍ ÚÝČŠŤŽ
12 8 78 AAAAAABBCC DDEEEEEEFG HHIIIIJKKK LLLLMMMNNN NOOOOOPPRR RRSSTTTUUU VVVYZZÁÁÉÍ ÍÚÝČĽŠŤŽ
13 9 91 AAAAAAABBC CDDDEEEEEE FGHHIIIIIJ JKKKKLLLLM MMMNNNNNOO OOOOPPPRRR RSSSTTTUUU VVVYZZÁÁÉÍ ÍÚÚÝČČĽŠŠŤ Ž
14 9 105 AAAAAAAABB CCDDDEEEEE EEEFGHHIII IIIJJKKKKL LLLLMMMMNN NNNNOOOOOO OOPPPRRRRR SSSTTTTUUU UVVVVYYZZÁ ÁÁÉÍÍÚÚÝČČ ĽŠŠŤŽ

30 - XiangQi

Board game geek