Line of Action


Lines of Action (or LOA) is an abstract strategy board game for two players invented by Claude Soucie. The objective is to connect all of one’s pieces into a single group. The game was recommended by the Spiel des Jahres in 1988.

The object of the game is to bring all of one’s pieces together into a contiguous body so that they are connected vertically, horizontally or diagonally.


  • Players alternate moves, with Black having the first move.
  • Pieces move horizontally, vertically, or diagonally.
  • A piece moves exactly as many spaces as there are pieces (both friendly and enemy) on the line in which it is moving.
  • A piece may not jump over an enemy piece.
  • A piece may jump over friendly pieces.
  • A piece may land on a square occupied by an enemy piece, resulting in the latter’s capture and removal from the game.
  • A player who is reduced to a single piece wins the game, because his pieces are by definition united. If a move results, due to a capture, in each player having all his pieces in a contiguous body, then either the player moving wins, or the game is a draw.

Initial position

Final position


On Little Golem are implemented these versions of Line of Action.

Main variant

Standard variant played on 8x8.


The variant has a different starting position.


The variant has a different starting position.


The variant is played on a 9x9 board. There is a black hole in the middle of the board where every stone disappears.

Last modified August 2, 2022: update LOA (027eeac)